Category Archives: Resources for Students

Detailed resources on Vedic Astrology for students of Jyotish who require more in-depth knowledge about the subject

Functional Benefics and Malefics for All Ascendants

Summary: List of the functional benefic and functional malefic planets for each of the twelve ascendants in the sidereal zodiac used by Vedic Astrology. Essential information for chart interpretation and remedial measures.


List of Functional Benefics and Malefics for all Ascendants

Aries: Taurus: Gemini: Cancer: Leo: Virgo: Libra

Scorpio: Sagittarius: Capricorn: Aquarius: Pisces

This information is absolutely essential knowledge and forms a key component of chart interpretation.

It is also vital for prescribing the correct remedial measures for bringing balance to the planetary energies for a particular ascendant. As a general rule, planets that are functional benefics can be strengthened by wearing appropriate gem-stones. However, functional malefics cannot be strengthened in this way and other techniques, such as planetary mantras, used.

This list of functional benefics and malefics for all twelve ascendants is aimed at students of Jyotish who already have some knowledge about this topic. Please note:

    • The numbers in brackets e.g. (9&12) refer to the houses ‘ruled’ or ‘owned’ by the planet relative to the particular ascendant in the sidereal zodiac.
    • Rahu and Ketu do not own any houses, so are not classified here as ‘functional’. They are therefore just natural malefics.
    • The notes sections below have been taken mainly from Parashara
    • The degree of positivity / negativity is given a grade, from 1 to 5, where this information has been available [1].
    • A Grade 5 for benefics means this planet is the most beneficial and auspicious possible, much more so than a grade 1 benefic
    • A Grade 5 for malefics means this planet is the most dangerous and problematic possible, far worse than a grade 1 malefic
    • Not all Jyotish Astrologers will be in 100% agreement on all of the following points. There are many layers and ‘exceptions’ in Jyotish, but the following will serve as a good initial guide.

Aries Ascendant

Functional Benefics:

    • Jupiter                       (9 & 12)           Very auspicious – grade 4
    • Sun                            (5)                    Auspicious – grade 2
    • Mars                         (1 & 8)             Helpful to auspicious planets

Functional Malefics:

    • Saturn                       (10 & 11)         Inauspicious – grade 3
    • Mercury                    (3 & 10)           Inauspicious – grade 3
    • Venus                        (2 & 7)             Inauspicious – grade 1


    • Mars has Moolatrikona of Aries (1) so predominantly favourable.
    • Mars helps Sun, Jupiter – some also include Moon in this respect.
    • Saturn associated with Venus is not good.
    • Association of Jupiter-Sun; Jupiter-Mars, Mars-Sun are good.
    • Conjunction of Saturn and Jupiter will not produce auspicious result.
    • Jupiter at disposal of a malefic gives inauspicious results.

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Taurus Ascendant

Functional Benefics:

    • Saturn                       (9 & 10)           Very auspicious (Yogakaraka)
    • Mercury                    (2 & 5)             Auspicious
    • Sun                            (4)

Functional Malefics:

    • Jupiter                      (8 & 11)           Very adverse indeed
    • Mars                         (7 & 12)           Maraka
    • Moon                        (3)


    • Moon as 3rd Lord is not auspicious (but not too bad: 3rd house is not as bad as 6th, which is itself less bad than 11th.)
    • Parashara says Venus, even though he is ruler of 1st, is Malefic – presumably as Libra is 6th sign from Taurus and Moolatrikona for Venus. Others argue that Venus is a benefic for Taurus Lagna as it rules the first house – which is both a Trine & Kendra simultaneously. They say that the ruler of the ascendant is always a benefic influence.
    • Mercury by joining Saturn/Sun acts more effectively.

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Gemini Ascendant

Functional Benefics:

    • Venus                        (5 & 12)           Auspicious – grade 2
    • Saturn                       (8 & 9)             Auspicious – see notes
    • Mercury                    (1 & 4)             Auspicious

Functional Malefics:

    • Mars                          (6 & 11)           Very adverse indeed – grade 5
    • Sun                            (3)                    Inauspicious – grade 1


    • Venus is highly favourable: 5th (Libra) is his Moolatrikona.
    • Saturn’s (8 & 9) role not mentioned by Parashara: it should be O.K. as 9th (Aquarius) is his Moolatrikona, but check other factors in chart.
    • Sun owning 3rd is not helpful.

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Cancer Ascendant

Functional Benefics:

    • Mars                          (5 & 10)           Auspicious – grade 2 (Yogakaraka)
    • Jupiter                       (6 & 9)             Auspicious – grade 2
    • Moon                        (1)

Functional Malefics:

    • Venus                        (4 & 11)           Inauspicious – grade 3
    • Mercury                    (3 & 12)           Inauspicious – grade 3
    • Saturn                       (7 & 8)             Strong Maraka


    • Mars well related to Sun or Moon or Jupiter is very good.

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Leo Ascendant

Functional Benefics:

    • Mars                          (4 & 9)             Very auspicious indeed – grade 5 (Yogakaraka)
    • Jupiter                       (5 & 8)             Auspicious – grade 2
    • Sun                            (1)

Functional Malefics:-

    • Mercury                    (2 & 11)           Very Inauspicious – grade 4
    • Saturn                       (6 &7)              Inauspicious – grade 2
    • Venus                        (3 & 10)           Inauspicious (see notes) – grade 1


    • Many say Venus is unreliable for this ascendant.
    • Conjunction of Jupiter and Venus will not produce auspicious results.

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Virgo Ascendant

Functional Benefics:

    • Venus                        (2 & 9)             Very auspicious (Yogakaraka)
    • Mercury                    (1 & 10)           Auspicious

Functional Malefics:

    • Mars                         (3 & 8)             Very Inauspicious – grade 4
    • Moon                        (11)                  Inauspicious – grade 3
    • Jupiter                       (4 & 7)             Inauspicious (see notes) – grade 1


    • Suns (12th) role depends on associations – o.k. if joins good planets in good houses.
    • Saturn (5th & 6th) not mentioned by Parashara: favourable by virtue of 5th and relationship with Mercury – but some doshas due to 6th Lordship.
    • Jupiter (4 & 7) is a Maraka

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Libra Ascendant

Functional Benefics:

    • Mercury                    (9 & 12 )           Very auspicious – grade 4
    • Saturn                       (4 & 5)             Auspicious – grade 3 (Yogakaraka)

Functional Malefics:

    • Jupiter                       (3 & 6)             Inauspicious – grade 3
    • Sun                            (11)                  Inauspicious – grade 3
    • Mars                         (2 & 7)             Inauspicious (see notes) – grade 1


    • Venus owns 1 & 8.  Parashara terms Venus a Neutral. However, some would argue Venus, as lord of lagna, is auspicious. Interesting!
    • Moon (10) associated with Mercury (9 & 12) causes Rajayoga.
    • Mars is a Maraka

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Scorpio Ascendant

 Functional Benefics:

    • Moon                        (9)                    Very auspicious – grade 4
    • Jupiter                       (2 & 5)             Auspicious – grade 2
    • Sun                            (10)                  Auspicious – grade 1

Functional Malefics:

    • Mercury                    (8 & 11)           Very adverse indeed – grade 5
    • Venus                        (7 & 12)           Inauspicious (see notes) – grade 2
    • Saturn                       (3 & 4)             Inauspicious – grade 1


    • Mars (1 & 6) is Neutral. However, some would argue Mars, as lord of lagna, is auspicious. Interesting!
    • Venus is a Maraka
    • Sun and Moon associated are Yogakarakas.

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Sagittarius Ascendant

Functional Benefics:

    • Sun                            (9)                    Very auspicious – grade 4
    • Mars                         (5 & 12)           Auspicious – grade 2
    • Mercury                    (7 & 10)           Auspicious

Functional Malefics:

    • Venus                        (6 & 11)           Very adverse indeed – grade 5
    • Saturn                       (2 & 3)             Inauspicious – grade 2


    • Moon as 8th ruler is not mentioned as inauspicious. Apparently Moon is o.k. if related to Mercury, Sun, or Mars
    • Mercury is auspicious – 10th is Moolatrikona
    • Sun and Mercury mutually associated give Yoga
    • Association between Moon and Jupiter gives a good Yoga
    • Jupiter is Neutral

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Capricorn Ascendant

 Functional Benefics:

    • Venus                        (5 & 10)           Very auspicious  (Yogakaraka)
    • Mercury                    (6 & 9)             Auspicious

Functional Malefics:

    • Mars                         (4 & 11)           Inauspicious – grade 3
    • Jupiter                       (3 & 12)           Inauspicious
    • Moon                        (7)                    (see notes)


    • Saturn (1 & 2) is Neutral. However, some would argue Saturn as ruler of ascendant is auspicious. Interesting!
    • Sun (8) is Neutral.
    • Moon is Maraka

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Aquarius Ascendant

Functional Benefics:

    • Venus                        (4 & 9)             Very Auspicious indeed – Grade 5 (Yogakaraka)
    • Saturn                       (1 & 12)           Auspicious

Functional Malefics:

    • Jupiter                       (2 & 11)           Very adverse indeed – grade 5
    • Moon                        (6)                    Inauspicious – grade 2
    • Mars                         (3 & 10)           Inauspicious – grade 1
    • Sun                            (7)


    • Venus gives Rajayoga.
    • Saturn’s Moolatrikona sign is Aquarius, so it is considered auspicious.
    • Mercury (5 & 8) should be auspicious but gives mixed results according to association.

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Pisces Ascendant

Functional Benefics:

    • Mars                         (2 & 9)             Very Auspicious – Grade 4
    • Moon                        (5)                    Auspicious – Grade 2
    • Jupiter                       (1 & 10)           Auspicious – Grade 1

Functional Malefics:

    • Saturn                       (12 & 11)         Very adverse indeed – grade 5
    • Venus                        (3 & 8)             Very Inauspicious – grade 4
    • Sun                            (6)                    Inauspicious – grade 2
    • Mercury                    (3 & 7)             Inauspicious – grade 1


    • Pandit Ojha States: Sambandha between Mars and Jupiter gives Rajayoga.

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[1] I gained information on the five point grading system for benefics and malefics from the Jyotish pundits of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi over 30 years ago. If anyone has any comments, or can further update me on this, you can contact me via the information on the Contact page of this site.

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Further Resources for Students of Jyotish


‘Good’ and ‘Bad’ Houses in Jyotish

Summary: Covering the Equal House concept in Jyotish, together with an analysis of ‘Good’ and ‘Bad’ houses, including topics on: Kendra, Trikona, Dusthana, and Upachaya houses.

The Equal House Concept

Jyotish divides the 360 degrees of the sky up into twelve equal sectors of 30 degrees width and this produces twelve equal width ‘Houses’. Jyotish always uses the Sidereal Zodiac.

Each house governs particular areas of life. Details about the main significations of each house are given in the article ‘The Twelve Houses’. Most chart interpretations are based on a house‑by‑house analysis.

In Jyotish, each of the twelve houses corresponds exactly with a particular sign. Therefore in Vedic Astrology a house cannot overlap between two signs.

Western Astrology usually starts the first house at the exact degree of the ascendant. Not so in Jyotish. In vedic Astrology the first house corresponds with the whole sign that contains the ascendant, irrespective of its exact positional degree[1].

So in Jyotish, if our exact ascendant position is located at say 1 degree Leo, or 29 degrees Leo, or anywhere in between, then the first house corresponds exactly with the whole 30 degrees of Leo: the second house will correspond exactly with the whole of the sign of Virgo: the third with Libra, etc. The house containing the ascendant is shown by a diagonal line on the birth-chart.

Equal House Diagram in Jyotish

The South Indian chart format (probably easiest for beginners) numbers houses in a clockwise direction from the sign containing the ascendant (which is shown by the diagonal line in Leo in the above diagram)

The signs always stay in the same boxes in all charts, so Pisces will always be in the top left hand corner.

Houses do not have exactly the same meaning in Jyotish as they do in the Western system.

Errors in birth-times can throw the system out completely when an ascendant is near a boundary between two houses – but there are ways around this [2].

‘Good’ and ‘Bad’ Houses

The planet ruling a particular house changes as the ascendant changes.

For example, the planet ruling the 1st house is the Moon for a Cancer ascendant but the Sun for a Leo ascendant (see article on which planets rule which signs).

Irrespective of the zodiacal sign to which they correspond, good houses strengthen planets placed in them and ‘bad’ houses weaken them.

Trikona or Trinal Houses

According to Jyotish the 5th and 9th houses (‘Trinal’ or ‘Trikona’ houses) are very good indeed in that planets occupying these houses do well and are strengthened.

The first house is also considered to be a trinal house by many astrologers.

Therefore the good, natural characteristics of the planet occupying either the 5th or the 9th are strengthened and can deliver the full benefits associated with them

Any houses associated with the occupying planet are also greatly strengthened.

The rulers of the 5th and 9th houses carry with them a positive energy.They bring this to the house in which they are placed.

They also benefit (with this positive energy) any planet they are near to (conjunct), or which they aspect.

Kendras or Angular Houses

The Kendras (Angular houses) i.e. 1, 4, 7 and 10 are ‘good’ houses. Planets placed in them are strengthened. These houses themselves represent benign things.

A good house has two effects: it strengthens planets in it and all of their associations; its ruler carries a positive energy with it and benefits wherever it is placed.

Dusthanas or Negative Houses

Houses 6, 8, and 12 (Dusthanas) are ‘negative’ houses.

The houses themselves do not represent anything inherently evil but they are said to be negative because they seriously weaken planets placed in them. So, the good natural characteristic of the planets occupying them suffer.

In addition, the houses ruled by planets occupying the 6th, 8th, or 12th are also weakened and damaged, so that matters connected with them are also harmed.

The planets that rule the 6th, 8th, or 12th houses are also considered to carry with them a negative energy – this disturbs the house in which they are placed, or planets they are near to (conjunct), or which they aspect.

The 8th is the worst of the three!

Although they are considered negative we should be aware that a good sixth house means we overcome our ‘enemies’, a good eighth indicates a long life, and a good twelfth means we have little expenditure and loss (and are making good spiritual progress towards enlightenment).

Upachaya or Growing Houses

Houses 3, 6, and 10 and 11 have been declared Upachaya houses (‘growing houses’) where any problems indicated get better with time and where malefic planets eventually do some good. Therefore malefics are generally best placed either in their Own, or Exalted signs, or in Upachaya houses.


[1] The ascendant is located in the sign of the zodiac that appears to be ‘rising’ on the Eastern horizon at the time of our birth. So, if we looked at the Eastern horizon at the time of our birth and saw it was at  20 degrees Capricorn, we would say we had a ‘Capricorn Ascendant’. The ascendant is shown by a diagonal line in the chart. Note: this is in the Sidereal Zodiac used by Jyotish – not the Tropical one used by Western Astrology.

[2] Very skilled and experienced Vedic Astrologers can ‘work backwards’ from life events to determine a person’s birth-time! This process is called ‘rectification of birth-time’.

Additional Resources for Students of Vedic Astrology

Jyotish Resources for students – Overview

Summary: An overview of the collated resources on this website for students of Vedic Astrology. This information forms the minimum foundation knowledge needed to start understanding how charts are interpreted.

Overview of Resources for Students of Vedic Astrology

The ‘Resources for Students Category’ includes a collection of resources for students of Jyotish.

The topics presented in this section are at ‘foundation level’ – the minimum we need to know in order to even begin the process of understanding chart interpretation. They cover:

Articles currently being prepared:

    • Elements of basic birth-chart interpretation
    • Transits

Taken as a whole, they should enable students to ‘put together the pieces of the jigsaw’ and to start examining the Vedic birth-charts (in the sidereal zodiac) of themselves, their family and friends.

The collated information in this section is aimed at Westerners who want relatively simple ‘key points’ for initial studies. I am aware that Jyotish is multi-layered, with more subtle chart interpretations being available at deeper levels of awareness. However, we all need to start somewhere and the very practice of Jyotish can itself lead to deeper states of awareness!

Most professional Vedic Astrologers will probably agree on more than 95% of the topics presented here. Where there is disagreement in the detail this often arises from differences in the versions of the standard Jyotish texts available, or the different interpretations of any ambiguous sections in the texts. Some knowledge has also been lost over the long passage of time. However, many principles can be verified by looking at a person’s chart and then comparing the predictions from Jyotish with the actual reality of their life experiences.

Parashara Taken as a Reference

Where possible, I have always used Maharishi Parashara as highest authority. This is simply because I have a particular affinity to this tradition of Masters which included the illustrious Shankaracharya of Jyotir Math (H.H. Brahmananda Saraswati) and whose disciple Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, brought meditation techniques to the West. Students should be aware that astrologers linked to other traditions may view things slightly differently from the information presented in this section; this is not a problem and adds to the joy and dynamism of the Vedic knowledge!

Further Resources on Jyotish

A Rare and Auspicious Planetary Alignment

Summary: This article examines the effect of a very rare and highly auspicious planetary alignment occurring during September 2020. The planetary configuration occurs in the sidereal zodiac used by Vedic astrologers and represents an outstandingly good time for souls to take a human birth!

A Rare and Auspicious Planetary Alignment

Right now is a great time to be born!

For about a week, beginning on the 8th September 2020, a rare and highly favourable planetary alignment happens. In the ancient Vedic Astrological system we find that 8 out of the 9 planets, which are used to decode a person’s returning karmas, are in exceptionally good positions in the sidereal zodiac.

For example, most of the planets are in their own signs, or exalted signs, etc. and also benefit from being spaced widely apart in the zodiac. They will therefore bring many benefits over an individual’s lifetime as events unfold. It often takes hundreds of years to see similar such occurrences of this configuration, so it is indeed a rare event.

In Jyotish astrology this alignment means that those born during this week will have almost no obstacles to their progress in life. They may have many exceptional talents, be especially gifted and excel in their chosen field.

From a Jyotish perspective those souls incarnating at this time will be blessed with exceptionally good karma throughout their lives and experience a lot of Grace. Some may even turn out to be Mahatmas – great souls born to benefit mankind and, hopefully, to hasten in the dawn of the Age of Enlightenment on planet Earth.

Detailed Analysis for Students of Jyotish

The Moon is, of course, the most rapidly moving ‘planet’ and spends roughly two and a third days in each sign. Before the Moon even enters Taurus sidereal, most of the other planets already have a high status or ‘dignity’   (a planet having ‘own sign’, Moolatrikona, or exalted status is ‘out of harms way’ in a birth chart). These planets therefore bring many benefits to someone born at this time. As the Moon moves into Taurus (from 8th to 10th September 2020 – where it has Moolatrikona status) it completes the planetary configuration giving rise to these extremely positive conditions. It then moves through Gemini before entering Cancer sidereal (from 13th to 15th September 2020). In Cancer it has ‘own sign’ status so once again completes this remarkable configuration.

In addition to 8 out of the 9 planets used in Jyotish having a high status as mentioned above, the planets are also spaced well apart in different signs giving rise to a special planetary combination or ‘Yoga’. This is called Veena or Sankhya-Veena Yoga and occurs when 7 planets are spaced separately in 7 signs. As this yoga is associated with the Veena (the classical musical instrument of Saraswati – the ‘deity’ presiding over Knowledge and the arts) this brings extra benefits to individuals born under these circumstances. These would include good prosperity, being fond of dance and music and having higher knowledge – such as being well versed in the Vedas or other scriptures.

People who were born a week or so before or after this rare event will still benefit from many planets in their birth chart having very good status. For example, although the Moon moves out of its own sign Cancer on the 15th September, the Sun remains in its own sign Leo until Sept. 17th, 2020. When it leaves Leo this further breaks the configuration.

Two Highly Favourable Periods

The first highly auspicious period during this week begins on the 8th September 2020 around 10 am GMT as the Moon moves into Taurus sidereal. It then leaves this sign on the 10th September 2020 at around 9 pm GMT.

The second highly auspicious period is from around 6 am on 13th September 2020 to about 9 am on 15th September 2020.

For the record, the planetary positions (at 0 hours GMT in the sidereal zodiac on the 9th) are as follows:

Sun 23 Leo Own Sign
Moon 7 Taurus Moolatrikona
Mars 4 Aries Moolatrikona
Mercury 11 Virgo Exalted Sign
Jupiter 23 Sagittarius Own Sign
Venus 9 Cancer Neutral Sign
Saturn 1 Capricorn Own Sign
Rahu 1 Gemini Moolatrikona
Ketu 1 Sagittarius Moolatrikona

Other Implications of This Auspicious Planetary Alignment

Will all individuals born during this period have the same karma? No, most certainly not. Individual karmas will need to be decoded (or ‘read’) from each person’s birth-chart. This will take into account the usual multi-layered factors such as: what is the ascending sign for a particular birth time and where is its ‘ruler’ placed; a house by house analysis including house ruler placement; occupying planets; aspects to the house; finer detail determinants – such as the divisional charts, etc. Karmas also unfold differently for different individuals as indicated by the Jyotish Mahadasa system.

Is this alignment ‘perfect’? Well, it is probably as good as it ever gets. Some of the very best charts I have seen have only had 4 high status planets and this configuration goes far beyond that! However, more advanced students of Jyotish will recognise some minor ‘weak points’ due to the following; a few planets being in the first degree or so of a sign; the Moon is waning and moving nearer the Sun; some planets are retrograde (giving rise to the usual debates about the effect of retrograde motion on planetary behaviour); and possibly even some debates about where the nodes experience ‘dignity’. None the less, a birth during this alignment represents extremely good ‘happy karmic returns’ for souls reincarnating at this time.

So, will this period be of great benefit to everyone and not just those born at this time? The answer is unfortunately not. While it is always good to have transiting planets in a positive state they only account for a fraction of people’s returning karmas. The vast majority is delineated by the Vedic Mahadasa system – which has nothing to do with the transiting planets. Therefore, although Vedic astrology indicates it is a truly great time to be born, it does not imply it is an outstandingly good time for those of us already here!

Additional Information on this Auspicious Alignment

    • This auspicious configuration was noticed by the authors on the Applied Vedic Astrology website in their ‘year ahead’ predictions. However, they did not look specifically at its effects on birth chart

Additional Resources on Jyotish


Chart Formats in Jyotish Astrology

Summary: Comparison of the two main types of birth-chart format used in Jyotish – North Indian and South Indian, with suggested modifications for students of Jyotish. This is particularly helpful when learning Jyotish.

North Indian and South Indian Chart Formats Compared

Most Western Astrologers use a circular format birth-chart, but this is not used in Jyotish.

There are two main types of chart formats used in Vedic Astrology – the North Indian and the South Indian system. This often causes confusion to those new to the subject as the charts seem completely different. However, each format is just a different way of representing the same information.

The ‘diamond’ type grid is mainly used in North India and the ‘rectangular grid’ type of chart  in South India. Both charts in the diagram below represent exactly the same astrological data. In the North Indian system the ascending sign is always placed in the ‘top diamond’ box and the signs are often numbered 1 to 12, i.e. Aries to Pisces. For the horoscope shown the ascendant is in the 12th sign Pisces, with both Jupiter and Venus in the ascending sign, Rahu in the 4th sign Cancer (corresponding with the 5th house in this chart), etc.

Comparison between North and South Indian Jyotish Chart Format

Comparison between North and South Indian Jyotish Chart Formats

Signs in Jyotish have exactly the same names as those in Western Astrology (e.g. Aries, Taurus, etc.) – but their position in the sky is different from the position of the Western Astrological signs. This is because Vedic Astrology references the signs to the background of the fixed stars in the sky – so it uses the Sidereal Zodiac and not the Tropical one used in the West. Currently there is approximately a 24 degree difference between the two zodiacs (the tropical zodiac uses the spring equinox point as a ‘zero’ reference for the start of Aries and this moves against the background of the fixed stars due to the precession of the equinoxes.)

If we are just beginning the study of Jyotish I believe a slightly modified form of the rectangular South Indian chart format is much easier for Westerners to use (see the diagram at the end of this article).


South Indian Jyotish Birth-chart Format

In the South Indian system each sign always stays in the same box (e.g. Pisces top left, Virgo bottom right).

 The sign count is always made clockwise around the rectangle (e.g. Aries 1, Taurus 2, Gemini 3, Cancer 4, Leo 5, etc.)

The ascendant is shown by a single diagonal line in the appropriate sign on the chart – regardless of the angle of the ascendant (e.g an ascendant of 1 degree Leo or 29 degrees Leo is still shown in exactly the same way)

Houses, which correspond exactly with signs in this system, are counted clockwise from the ascendant. For example, if the ascendant is in Leo (regardless of the exact degree, be it 1 degree or 29 degrees) then the whole of Leo becomes the first house, the whole of Virgo the second house, the whole of Libra the third, etc.

South Indian Vedic Astrology Chart Format

South Indian Vedic Astrology Chart Format


Modified Form of South Indian Chart

To help students access and process a lot of information I have added extra compartments to each of the rectangles. This enables us to put in additional, important and at-a-glance information such as the house number (counting clockwise from the ascending sign), in which house the sign ruler is placed, planetary aspects to the house and what the house number would be if the moon was used as an ascendant. This modification is particularly helpful when learning Jyotish.

Jyotish Chart feature for students

Jyotish Chart feature for students


Additional Resources on Jyotish